Top – Main battle tanks

1.T-14 Armata (Russia)image00

Firepower (aka Armarment):

125 mm (4.92 in) smoothbore 2A82-1M tank cannon with 45 rounds (32 of them in the autoloader)

12.7 mm (0.50 in) Kord machine gun(6P49), 7.62 mm (0.30 in) PKTM machine gun (6P7К)


Malachit dual-Explosive reactive armour (ERA) system

AESA radar along with soft and hard kill anti-missile systems

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

ChTZ 12Н360 (A-85-3A) diesel engine  delivering up to 1,500 hp

with a top speed of 80–90 kmph


Featuring a number of innovative characteristics, the T-14 represents a new generation of Russian main battle tanks. The most significant new feature is the use of an unmanned turret, with the crew of three seated in an armored capsule in the front of the hull. The T-14 is an advanced development of the cancelled T-95 project, of which very few prototypes were built. It will use a 2A82-1M 125mm cannon, rather than a 2A46. Its Vaccum-1 penetrator is said to penetrate 1000mm equivalent RHA at 2000 meters. It can also fire the new Sprinter ATGM designed for the Armata. Interestingly enough, the tank will use an unmanned turret, the first of its kind. This will completely remove the need for a loader, as well as keeping the crew separate from the ammo and engine.

The T-14 is said to have a 1,500 hp engine, capable of going to 2,000 hp. It claims to have a top speed of 80-90 km/h. At a moderate 48 tons, this allows the Armata to be shipped easily by a single strategic airlifter.In addition to an active protection system, it also has dual-reactive armor, capable of defeating tandem-charged warheads. The maximum speed of an interceptable object is said to be 1,700 M/s.

K2 Black Panther (South Korea)k2_black_panther3

Firepower (aka Armarment):

120mm 55 caliber smoothbore gun

12.7x99mm K6 heavy machine gun

7.62x51mm NATO machine gun


Classified but suspected to be a mix of composite armor with ERA and NERA add-on armor along with soft and hard kill anti-missile systems

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

4-cycle, 12-cylinder water-cooled diesel with an output of 1,500 hp and a top speed of 70 km/h


Introduced in the mid-1990s as a result of South Korea moving tank production to domestic factories, the K2 is a combination of many things from the gun and engine of the Leopard 2 and the autoloader of the Leclerc. The K2 possesses the newest innovations in day/night as well as thermal sights in addition to one of the most complex battlefield command and control systems in the world. The K2 comes equipped with classified composite armor and additional reactive armor modules that can be replaced in the heat of battle along with a ‘Trophy’ system that closely resembles that of the Merkava. In addition to this, the k2 has both passive and active countermeasures that can jam and fire decoys along with actively destroying an incoming projectile. Speed is also in the K2’s repertoire with a top speed of 70 km/h that makes it one of the fastest MBT’s in the world. The K2 is seen as one of the most advanced tanks in the world and many nations are catching up to meet its design that places effective control of the battlefield in the hands of each tank as opposed to one command tank

3.M1A2 Abrams (United States)image06

Firepower (aka Armarment):

120 mm L/44 M256A1 gun

1 × .50-caliber (12.7 mm) M2HB machine gun

2 × 7.62mm M240 machine guns


A depleted uranium composite armor that is mesh-reinforced

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

Honeywell AGT 1500C turbine engine with an output of 1,500 hp and a top speed of 67 km/h


An upgrade to the iconic M1A1 Abrams, this tank is by far the most battle tested MBT in the modern world, seeing action in 3 wars and suffering no losses to enemy fire. The 120 mm L/44 M256A1 smoothbore gun is capable of firing a variety of shells that can penetrate all forms of modern armor so far along with possessing a compliment of defensive machine guns. The armor of the M1A2 has remained mostly unchanged in it’s 35 years of service, except for the crucial switch to depleted uranium armor as opposed to the previously used Burlington composite armor which has dramatically increased its survivability in combat operations. For maneuverability, the M1A2 possesses a Honeywell AGT turbine engine that produces a top speed of well over 67km/h in open road. This engine comes with logistical limitations however, the engine is a massive fuel guzzler and has proven difficult in desert conditions to operate. The US Army has recognized this and has tasked Honeywell with producing a new, more efficient engine. Nonetheless, the M1A2 has proven itself time and again as a rugged and reliable machine of war.

4.Merkava IV (Israel)image05

Firepower (aka Armarment):

120 mm (4.7 in) MG253 smoothbore gun

1 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) MG

2 × 7.62 mm (0.300 in) MG

1 × 60 mm (2.4 in) internal mortar

12 defensive smoke grenades


Classified but suspected to be a mixed design of composite and sloped armor

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

1,500 hp turbocharged diesel engine with a max speed output of 64 km/h


Introduced in 1979, the Merkava was designed to meet all the required needs of the IDF and more. With an emphasis on crew survivability, the Merkava was designed to do everything in its power to keep a crew alive while providing offensive firepower. Its 120mm smoothbore gun can use Israel’s coveted LAHAT ATGM to great effect, as proven in the 1986 and 2006 Lebanon Wars along with a host of other armaments that include 3 defensive machine guns and an internal mortar that allow the Merkava to fill a role that is beyond just a MBT. The Merkava’s armor is classified but is suspected to be a mix of both ceramic composite and sloped armor designs that allow the Merkava to retain maximum survivability from direct hits. This armor was designed with rapid repair in mind and sections of the tank’s armor can be removed and replaced in combat situations that allow for maximum armor capability. While the Merkava excels in Armor and Firepower, it somewhat lacks the Maneuverability of other MBT’s with a top speed hovering around 64 km/h but speed wasn’t necessary to the IDF’s requirements where the Merkava would be deployed, mainly in urban centers where speed was a non-factor. The Merkava represents the pinnacle of MBT technology that is heavily focused on crew survivability rather than offensive firepower.

5.Type 10 (Japan)image08

Firepower (aka Armament):

Japanese Steel Works 120mm smoothbore cannon with an autoloader

M2HB 12.7mm Machine Gun

Type 74 7.62mm Machine Gun


Nano-crystal steel with modular ceramic composite armor and a lightweight upper armor

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

4-stroke cycle V8 Engine Diesel engine with an output of 1,200 hp and 2,300 rpm and a max speed of 70 km/h


Introduced in 2012, the Type 10 is a advanced third-generation tank that was designed for the Japanese Self Defense Force. With a 120mm smoothbore cannon that is similar to the Leopard 2 along with an autoloader, the Type 10 has the firepower of a modern tank while possessing the stability of a motionless gun platform. With the use of the Continually Variable Transmission, the Type 10 can have a stable platform of fire even at its max speed of 70km that its 4-stroke V8 Engine can output. In addition to a high degree of firepower and maneuverability, the Type 10 possesses an experimental armor system known as nano-crystal steel which is three times as strong as regular steel along with modular ceramic plates and a host of advance electronic equipment that give the Type 10 some of the best situational awareness of any modern MBT. This tank has often been overlooked by many due to the purpose of the JSDF as a defensive force rather than an offensive force but the JSDF has shown itself capable of producing a revolutionary tank.

6.FV4034 Challenger 2 (UK)image07

Crew: 4 (commander, gunner, loader/operator, driver)

Armour :       Chobham / Dorchester Level 2 (classified)

Firepower (aka Armarment):

Main   :L30A1 120 mm rifled gun with 49 rounds[citation needed]

Secondary :Coaxial 7.62 mm L94A1 chain gun EX-34 (chain gun)

7.62 mm L37A2 Commander’s cupola machine gun

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

Perkins CV-12 V12 diesel 26 litre1,200 hp (890 kW)

Power/weight           19.2 hp/t (14.3 kW/t)

Transmission-          David Brown TN54 epicyclic transmission (6 fwd, 2 rev.)

Suspension    Hydropneumatic suspension

Ground clearance    0.5 m (1 ft 8 in)

Fuel capacity            1,592 litres (350 imp gal; 421 US gal)

Operational range:

550 km (340 mi) on road, 250 km (160 mi) off road on internal fuel

Speed  59 km/h (37 mph) on road, 40 km/h (25 mph) off road


The FV4034 Challenger 2 is a British main battle tank (MBT) in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman. It was designed and built by the British company Vickers Defence Systems (now known as BAE Systems Land & Armaments). The Challenger 2 is an extensive redesign of the Challenger 1. The Challenger 2 is considered to be one of the best protected tanks in the world. The turret and hull are protected with second generation Chobham armour (also known as Dorchester). the explosive reactive armour package was replaced with a Dorchester block and the steel underbelly lined with armour as part of the ‘Streetfighter’ upgrade. To date, the only time the tank has ever been seriously damaged during operations, was by another Challenger 2 in a ‘blue on blue’ (friendly fire) incident.It has seen operational service in Bosnia, Kosovo and Iraq.


7.Leopard 2A7+image11

Firepower (aka Armarment):

The capability to fire the new programmable 120mm HE-round (for the Rheinmetall 120mm L/55 smoothbore gun) enables the crew to engage targets behind cover and within buildings. Fitted with KMW’s FLW 200 Remote Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS) armed with a .50 MG and 76mm grenade launchers, which is operable under protection, the LEOAPRD 2 A7+ is assertive in both built-up and non-built-up terrain.

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

The LEOPARD 2 A7+ benefits from an increased mobility by a newly developed final drive, a new track, enhanced torsion bars, an improved brake-system and an adaptable dozer blade to clear obstacles for following vehicles.

Armour :

Next to the unmatched IED and mine protection, the modular protection concept allows for additional passive armor over the frontal arc, as well as along the sides of the hull and turret, plus the integration of an urban operations kit that also offers a 360 degrees protection against RPG’s.

Furthermore it is equipped with a high-performance cooling unit and an APU (auxiliary power unit) to accomplish a 24-hour battle day. The redesigned operational concept allows the crew to utilize the new capabilities efficiently.


The new Leopard 2A7+, presented by KMW on July 14, 2010 as a new generation of one of the most successful main battle tank designs in history, incorporates a modular protection kit, increased mobility, improved sustainability, enhanced reconnaissance abilities and an even more precise deployment of its various weapons.The Leopard 2A7+ is an upgraded Leopard 2A6 armed with the Rheinmetall 120mm L/55 smoothbore gun. It is also possible to upgrade the Leopard 2A4 or Leopard 2A5 with the older Rheinmetall 120mm L/44 gun to the latest Leopard 2A7+ standard.

The new MBT, which was tested and approved by the German Bundeswehr (which is expected to upgrade at least part of its fleet of 225 Leopard 2A6 and 125 Leopard 2A5 to this standard, funds permitting), brings to the scene a new concept in modularity, providing a weapons system that actually allows operations in urban terrain as well as high intensity operations.

8.T90 (Russia)image09

Firepower (aka Armarment):

2A46M 125mm smoothbore gun

12.7mm Kord Heavy machine gun

7.62mm PKMT


Steel-composite-reactive blend

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

V-92S2 12-cyl. diesel with an output of 950 hp and a top speed of 60 km/h


The T90 is a continuation to the T-series of tanks that form the backbone of Russia’s Armored Corp. Combining the basic design of the T-72 with the advanced features of the T-80, the T-90 is allowed a smaller profile while outputting firepower that is in many ways superior to many modern MBTs. With a combination of reactive armor also known as ‘Relkit’ explosive armor, the T-90 can stand against any modern American MBT and ammunition in a 1v1 engagement. In addition to this armor, the T-90 possesses a wide range of countermeasures to prevent additional damage including laser and missile detections systems along with electronic countermeasures and jamming capability. What the T-90 makes up for in firepower and armor it lacks in speed, this follows Russia’s military doctrine of firepower over mobility and allows the T-90 to be used as a static defense to great effect if employed. The T-90 is the most advance MBT in the world with regard to the variety of features it possesses.

9.Arjun Mk IIimage10

Armour :

Hull and turret of the Arjun Mk.2 were redesigned. Protection was improved by improved Kanchan armor. Also locally-developed explosive reactive armor modules were added. It seems that the new ERA is based on the Russian Kontakt-5 technology, developed in the 1980s and used on the T-90 and some other Soviet/Russian tanks. Armor modules counter APFSDS and HEAT rounds, as well as RPG rounds. Ready to use ammunition is stored in the turret bustle with blow-out panels. Other rounds are also containerized. The Arjun Mk.2 is also fitted with advanced laser warning and countermeasures system which confuse enemy sensors. As usually this tank is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems.

Firepower (aka Armarment):

This new main battle tank is armed with a fully-stabilized 120-mm rifled gun, which is loaded manually. A rifled gun of such caliber is only used on the British Challenger 2 MBT. This gun is more accurate at long range comparing with smoothbore guns. It is claimed that during trials this new Indian tank outgunned both the T-72M and T-90. The Arjun Mk.2 is also compatible with Israeli LAHAT anti-tank guided missiles. Missiles are launched in the same manner as ordinary projectiles. This tank carries a total of 39 rounds, including missiles.

This new main battle tank is fitted with advanced thermal imaging and panoramic sights, and now has a hunter-killer capability. Fire control system of the new tank should have a hit probability over 90%, when firing on the move. The new tank also has improved communication systems and new navigation system.

Secondary armament consists of coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun and a roof-mounted remotely controlled weapon station, armed with a 12.7-mm heavy machine gun.

Maneuverability (aka Engine):

Prototype of the Arjun Mk.2 is fitted with a German MTU MB 838 Ka-501 diesel unit, developing 1 400 hp. The same engine is used on Arjun Mk.1. However it seems that production tanks will be fitted with a more powerful engine. It is speculated that the new engine will be the Cummins QSK-38 turbocharged diesel unit, developing about 1 500 hp. It should be coupled with a French transmission. Also Ukrainian manufacturer proposes for this tank a new 6TD-5 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 800 hp. The Arjun Mk.2 has an advanced hydropneumatic suspension system. This tank is also fitted with auxiliary power unit which powers all systems when the main engine is turned off. This MBT can be also fitted with a mine plough.


The Arjun Mk.2 is an improved version of the original Arjun main battle tank. It was developed in cooperation with Israeli defense companies. A total of 13 major improvements were made. After prolonged development the original Arjun Mk.1 entered service with the Indian Army in 2004. However the original MBT failed to impress the Army and improvements were required in order to make it combat-worthy. The new Arjun Mk.2 has improved protection, firepower and mobility over its predecessor. The Arjun Mk.2 has some design similarities with the German Leopard 2A5 main battle tank. It is claimed that this new Indian tank weights a whooping 68 t. Which makes it the heaviest tank in the world. It is even heavier than the American M1A2 Abrams or British Challenger 2. The Arjun Mk.2 is criticized as being too heavy. There are many problems with its excessive weight, such as limited cross-country mobility, limiting areas where it can be deployed. Also it is difficult to transport this tank to the front line.



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